Roman, Anglo-Saxon & Viking Melton

The Romans successfully invaded Britain in AD 43 under the Emperor Claudius and quickly established forts and settlements across Britain. In some areas where there were Iron Age settlements, these continued to be inhabited and developed during this period such as at Burrough Hill.

The Roman period is very well represented by archaeological finds, partly because Roman households were the first mass consumers. Goods were manufactured in bulk and shipped around the Empire. Fine pottery was imported as a luxury item but goods such as wine and olive oil were transported in utilitarian vessels such as amphorae.

There was a busy town at Goadby Marwood which is where many of the finds displayed were found. Bronze jewellery was commonly worn by many levels of society and are common metal detectorist finds.

Roman coins replaced native ones and were used for everyday transactions in a similar way to today for the first time. However, coins were also hoarded or buried as offerings.

Evidence of Roman religious beliefs appear in the form of gods and goddesses on coins, figurines and jewellery.

Roman authority in Britain ended officially in AD 410 when the Roman authorities left the inhabitants to look after themselves in order to attempt to protect Roman rule on the Continent.

After the end of Roman rule in AD 410 'Britain' was left vulnerable and immigrants from North Western Europe, possibly encouraged by their countrymen who had served in the late Roman army, began to settle. 'Anglo-Saxon' kingdoms developed from the 6th century and eventually merged into what would become known as England in the 11th century.

The Early Anglo-Saxons were pagan and cremated and buried their dead with grave goods such as weapons and jewellery. In the 7th century they were Christianised.

There are many beautifully crafted, high-status objects from this period found in the Melton area suggesting it was home to some very rich people.

Between the 8th and 10th centuries, Britain was attacked and settled by Scandinavian 'Vikings' (seafaring explorers) with the area which is now Leicestershire falling into the Danelaw and subject to Danish rule. Items from this period either made or influenced by Viking styles have been found in the Melton area and complement the many Scandinavian place names found locally.

The Anglo-Saxon/Viking period came to an end with the Norman Invasion of 1066.

Roman, Anglo-Saxon & Viking Melton

Roman AD 43 - 410.

Anglo-Saxon & Viking AD 410 - 1066.

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Roman

The Romans successfully invaded Britain in AD 43 under the Emperor Claudius and quickly established forts and settlements across Britain.

Read More

Anglo-Saxon & Viking

After the end of Roman rule in AD 410 'Britain' was left vulnerable and immigrants from North Western Europe, possibly encouraged by their countrymen who had served in the late Roman army, began to settle.

Read More